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Rug Size Guides

Type of Rug WEaves

When it comes to choosing rugs, one under-appreciated aspect is considering how the rug is made and woven. The method by which a rug is woven will dramatically impact the rug’s texture, durability, quality, and longevity. In order to choose the best weave for your rug, we’ve created a guide summarizing the most popular ways rugs are woven and what the pros and cons of each method are.

Learn More About The Types of Rug Weaves

  1. What to Consider When Buying a Woven Rug
  2. What are the different types of Rug Weaves?
  3. Machine-Made & Hide Rugs

What to Consider When Buying a Woven Rug?

Early on, you should consider what functionality your rug will have. If the rug is being placed in a high traffic space like an entryway or living room, you will likely choose a weave that is known for being more hearty and durable. Aside from that aspect, the weave of the rug impacts the rug's overall softness and comfort. After all, flat woven rugs are specifically crafted to have no pile, so they won’t have the plushness and texture of other types of weaves. On the other side, there are particular weaves like flat-weave rugs that are incredibly easy to clean and maintain thanks to their lack of pile. Since the weave impacts every aspect of the rug, it is vital to consider the rug’s construction when choosing your best rug.

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What are the different types of Rug Weaves?

In order to choose the best type of rug weave for your room’s comfort and lifestyle, it’s best to be informed on all the different types of rug weaves. There are popular machine-made weaves, hand-made rug options, and hybrids where the rug is man-made using some type of tool like a loom or needle. Here are some brief summaries of different rug weave types and what they are known for. 

Hand tufted 

  • Hand tufted rugs are crafted using a small gun-like tool called a tufting gun. This weaving method involves punching strands of silk or wool onto a canvas stretched onto a metallic frame. Then, a fabric backing is glued onto the back of the rug to keep all the threads in place. These rugs are quicker and easier to make than other handcrafted options, so they are more affordable than other handcrafted rugs. Plus, their construction method makes them highly durable and comfortable. They may shed at first, but shedding will naturally subside over time and with regular vacuuming. 

Hand knotted 

  • Hand knotted rugs are known for their great quality in construction and luxurious materials. Hand knotted rugs often have a KPSI (knots per square inch) rating to define how tightly woven the rug is. The tighter the weave, the stronger the rug. Fine materials like silk or thinner yarn are typically used for tightly knotted rugs to accommodate the number of knots per square inch. Since these rugs are hand crafted and so densely filled, they are more expensive, but their quality and comfort are unbeatable. 

Flatweave 

  • Since these rugs have no pile, they will never shed. Flatweave rugs are also referred to as Kilim or Dhurrie rugs as they are made on a loom instead of being hand-knotted. Flatweave rugs are crafted through interweaving the length and width threads. The end result is a thin, luxurious rug that is reversible and long lasting. Since they are less labor intensive than hand knotted rugs, they are more budget friendly than that option. However, they are still more expensive than machine-made rugs since they require labor and expert craftsmanship.

What are the different types of Rug Weaves? (continued)

Braided

  • Braided rugs are often associated with country style homes with their iconic construction. These rugs are made by tying pieces of fabric strips together and then weaving them into their standard designs. The materials may range from natural materials like cotton and wool to synthetic options. Thanks to their weave and quality fabrics, braided rugs are known for longevity and durability. As an added bonus, they’re also reversible.

Hooked 

  • Hooked rugs are another handcrafted option for rugs, but they too are done using tools to expedite the process. These rugs are made using a needle-like tool and threads. The thread is woven onto a canvas, and once the threads are fully threaded, a backing is put onto the back of the rug to hold the design together. These rugs feature small loops and may occasionally shed/pop out of the canvas. Fortunately, these uncommon problems are easily remedied with trimming any loose fibers and regularly vacuuming to prevent shedding. 

Flat-braided 

  • Flat braided rugs are very similar to standard braided rugs with the tying of fabrics and braided weave. The biggest difference is the overall thickness of the rug. Flat braided area rugs are not as chunky as other braided rugs and are well suited for doorways and other areas where you need a lower-profile rug. It is worth noting that both braided and flat-braided rugs are not exclusively styled for farmhouse or country-style homes; these rugs come in many different color palettes and braids to convey different styles. 
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Machine Made & Hide Rugs

Machine made rugs

  • Because these rugs don’t require the same labor and artistry as hand-made rugs, they are often more budget friendly. These rugs are crafted on powered looms as the computer follows a sequence for constructing the rug and placing colored threads in the proper locations to create specific designs and pile heights. Another big difference between machine-made rugs and hand woven rugs is that these rugs typically use synthetic fibers or blends of synthetic and natural materials to craft their rugs. Although synthetic materials are known for their comfort and ease of maintenance, they will never be as soft as pure wool. 

Hide rugs

  • Hide rugs are the outer skin of animals like cows, deer, and zebras. Because of that, these rugs don’t qualify as handmade or machine made. As a part of their construction, the hide goes through several different processes so that only the leather and furs are left. These rugs are highly textural and soft with their natural furs, and despite the popularity of hide-shaped rugs, other rugs often use leather and fur throughout their construction in rectangular rugs. This means that you have plenty of options with how to incorporate hide and leather into your room’s rug.

As you can see, the way rugs are crafted are incredibly vast and different from one another. Each type of weave has its own pros and cons in terms of labor, cost, and quality of materials. In general, handcrafted rugs are known for their fine attention to detail, quality fibers, and overall luxury. However, even machine-made rugs have their appeal for their prices, comfort, and availability. No matter what selection you ultimately choose, you can now confidently choose the best rug weave for your room’s traffic and comfort.

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